How To Mechanized Agriculture To Best Developed The Economy

How To Mechanized Agriculture To Best Developed The Economy



Mechanization  is a vital tool for agricultural crop production.

Agricultural mechanization embraces the manufacture, distribution and· operation of
all types of tools, implements, machines and equipment for agricultural land development,
farm production, and crop harvesting and primary processing.

Mechanized agriculture is the process of using agricultural machinery to mechanize
the work of agriculture, greatly increasing farm worker productivity.

 Agricultural mechanization can likewise contribute essentially to the improvement of significant value chains and food production system as it can possibly deliver post-harvest, processing and marketing activities and works more proficient, powerful, effectively and harmless to the ecosystem.


Differences between agricultural mechanization and mechanized farming:

 Farm mechanization is technically equivalent to agricultural mechanization but
refers to only those activities normally occuring inside the boundaries of the farm
unit or at the farm unit level (e.g. village, commune, cooperative,


The whole history of agribusiness contains numerous instances of the utilization of instruments, like the hoe and the plough. The continuous joining of machines since the Modern machine  has permitted cultivating to turn out to be substantially less work stressful.
Current mechanized agriculture incorporates the utilization of tractors, trucks, combine harvesters, countless types of farm implements, aeroplanes and helicopters (for aerial application), and different vehicles.  Precision agriculture even uses computers in conjunction with satellite imagery and satellite navigation (GPS guidance) to increase yields.  


            Benefits of  mechanization

  1) mechanization support opportunities that relieve the burden of labour shortages and enable households to withstand shocks better;
  2)  mechanization decrease the environmental footprint of agriculture when combined with adequate conservation agriculture practices; and
 3)  mechanization reduce poverty and achieve food security while improving people's livelihoods.



The Technolo-gical Levels Of Mechanization Is  classified    

sources: human, animal and mechanical. Based on these three power sources,the technolo-
gical levels of mechanization have been broadly classified as hand-tool technology,
animal draught technology and mechanical power technology.

1)  Hand-tool technology:is the easiest and generally essential degree of agricultural mechanization. The term refers to tools and implements which use human muscle as the power source.

Animal-draught technology: refers to a wide range of implements, machines
and equipment used in agriculture which are powered by animals; generally
buffalo, oxen, horses, mules, donkeys or camels.

3) Mechanical-power technology: is the highest level of mechanization commonly
used in agriculture today. It takes many forms: a wide range of tractor
sizes which are used as mobile power for field operations and transport,
and as stationary power for many different machines, engines or motors
using petrol, diesel fuel or electricity to power threshers, mills,
irrigation pumps, grinders and other stationary machines, aircraft for
distributing crop protection materials and fertilizers, and self-propelled
machines for production, harvesting and handling a wide variety of crops.





Tractors are the king among different farm equipment. They are the main workhorse of any modern farm. They provide the power and traction necessary to mechanize agricultural tasks. With the right attachment or farm implement, they can be made useful in every part of the agricultural process — from field preparation to product distribution.

There are different types of tractors in the market, varying in size and capacity. The tractor you need depends on the size of your operation. Here’s an article by Living the Country Life on choosing the right tractor.



Dating back to primitive agricultural practices, a plough is a farm implement used for turning over the soil to bring a fresh layer of soil to the surface. This is a timeless way to prepare the field for the planting process.

There are different types of ploughs: ridge ploughs, moldboard ploughs, disk ploughs, and rotary ploughs. Disk ploughs and moldboard ploughs are designed as great general-use equipment, while rotary ploughs and ridge ploughs have more specialized functions.


After ploughing, the soil is still too stocky and chock-full of soft and hard debris. Harrows are crucial farm implements used to break and stir up the soil, making it even and consistent. This is usually the final part of soil preparation before moving on to sowing process.

There are four types of harrows, but the disk harrow is the best type used in farming. Here’s a blog post on the different types of disk harrows in the market.


Broadcast Spreader

If you’re not operating on a small garden, you’re better off buying something to help the sowing and fertilizing process. There are specific tools for each, but you might prefer something for general use.

Broadcast spreaders are farm implements that can help distribute seed, fertilizers, pesticide and other products in the field.



When it’s time to reap the fruits of your labor, you need a harvester to help with the process. The most common type of harvester is the Combine Harvester — best used for grains like rice or wheat. However, you might prefer a specific type of harvester if you’re planting anything other than grains.




 1) Application of fertilizer to boost crop output

2) Irragating areas with no rainfall

3) Use of machines where large portions of land are available

4) use of insecticide and herbicides to fight pests anfd diseases that attack crops

5) use of improved seedlings

6) use of agricultural extension staffs


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